<<<<緊急>>>>

以前
『所得に関する意識の調査で
・周囲の人の年収が1500万で自分の年収が1000万である。
・周囲の人の年収が700万で自分の年収が800万である。
という二つの場合を社会人に選ばさせると大多数が後者を選ぶ』

というようなことを知ったのですが、その出典を今すぐ教えてください。
ただし実際の額はあやふやで、確かアメリカの調査だったような気がします。重要なことは、所得で満足するのは偏差値であって絶対値ではないということです。

回答の条件
  • URL必須
  • 1人2回まで
  • 登録:2008/07/27 18:44:06
  • 終了:2008/07/27 22:06:41

回答(2件)

id:syntaxerror No.1

syntaxerror回答回数354ベストアンサー獲得回数562008/07/27 19:27:33

ポイント35pt

http://blogpal.seesaa.net/archives/200803-1.html

ハーバードの大学院生に、自分の年収が5万ドルで、同僚の年収がその半分の場合と、自分の年収が10万ドルで、同僚の年収がその倍の場合、どちらが幸せかと聞いたところ、大多数が前者を選んだという。この逸話を最初に読んだ時は一笑に付した。だが、奥底に眠っていた記憶が蘇った。ドロシー・ブレイディとローズ・フリードマンが行った1947年の興味深い研究である。

http://www.democracyforcalifornia.com/losangeles/showthread.php?...

PS The Greenspan Definition of Happiness

‘Happiness depends far more on how people’s incomes compare with those of their perceived peers, or even those of their role models, than on how they are doing in any absolute material sense. When graduate students at Harvard were asked a while back whether they would be happier with $50,000 a year if their peers earned half that, or $100,000 if their peers earned double that, the majority chose the lower salary. When I first saw the story, I chuckled and started to brush it off. But it struck a chord that unearthed a long dormant memory of a fascinating 1947 study by Dorothy Brady and Rose Friedman.

Brady and Friedman presented data showing that the share of income that an American family spent on consumer goods and services was largely determined not by the level of family income but by its level relative to the nation’s average family income.’

P.269

id:kotae No.2

kotae回答回数88ベストアンサー獲得回数52008/07/27 19:51:28

ポイント35pt

The Age of Turbulence: Adventures in a New World by Alan Greenspan

http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1594201315/

この本の中に質問の逸話が出てきます。

http://www.hopkinsandcompany.com/Books/The%20Age%20of%20Turbulen...

Regrettably, economic growth cannot produce lasting contentment or happiness. Were that the case, the tenfold increase in world real per capita GDP over the past two centuries would have fostered a euphoric rise in human contentment. The evidence suggests that rising incomes do raise happiness, but only up to a point and only for a time. Beyond the point at which basic needs are met, happiness is a relative state that, over the long run, is largely detached from economic growth. The evidence shows it is determined mainly by how we view our lives and accomplishments rela­tive to those of our peers. As prosperity spreads, or perhaps even as a result of its spread, many people fear competition and change that threaten their sense of status, which is critical to their self-esteem. Happiness de­pends far more on how people's incomes compare with those of their per­ceived peers, or even those of their role models, than on how they are doing in any absolute material sense. When graduate students at Harvard were asked a while back whether they would be happier with $50,000 a year if their peers earned half that, or $100,000 if their peers earned double that, the majority chose the lower salary. When I first saw the story, I chuck­led and started to brush it off. But it struck a chord that unearthed a long-dormant memory of a fascinating 1947 study by Dorothy Brady and Rose Friedman.

1947 study by Dorothy Brady and Rose Friedmanこの論文のURLは下記にあります。

Savings and the Income Distribution

Brady, Dorothy S., and Rose D. Friedman

http://www.nber.org/chapters/c5687.pdf

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